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Biocontrol introduction

Target pest: Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), cabbage white butterfly

Agent introduced: Apanteles glomeratus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) = Cotesia glomerata (L. 1758)

Imported: 1931-34, 1938-39

Import source: 1931-34 Imperial Institute of Entomology, England. 1938-39 Bureau of Entomology Washington, USA

Release details: In 1931-34 250,000 adults liberated in North Island. In 1938-39 2,317 adults were released at Nelson. Releases were made at an unspecified site during 1943-44, in Hawkes's Bay in 1944-45, Palmerston North (700 hundred adults) in 1960. There were possibly others. Released in 1954-55 on Chatham Island.

Establishment: Recovered in Nelson in 1938-39 and well established by 1943-44. Recorded in Canterbury in 1946-47. Recovered from southern North Island in 1959 and in Auckland in 1973.

Impacts on target: Apanteles glomeratus, Pteromalus puparum, a granulosis virus and predation in combination have a major impact on P. rapae


Cameron PJ, Hill RL, Bain J and Thomas WP (1989). A Review of Biological Control of Invertebrate Pests and Weeds in New Zealand 1874-1987. Technical Communication No 10. CAB International Institute of Biological Control. DSIR Entomology Division. 424p.