Target pest: Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), codling moth
Agent introduced: Phanerotoma fasciata (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)
Cameron et al. (1989) - two shipments of P. fasciata (imported as P. tibialis) were received from Georgia, USA. The first, in December 1932, consisted of 40 codling moth larvae previous exposed to P. fasciata; no parasitoids emerged from these. The second, in January 1934, consisted of about 140 codling moth larvae, from which only three P. fasciata, all females, emerged. One escaped, the other two were allowed to oviposit (unmated) in codling moth eggs; a few male progeny were reared from these eggs.
Cameron et al. (1989) - in 1934 one female escaped, otherwise not released.
Cameron PJ, Hill RL, Bain J, Thomas WP (1989). A Review of Biological Control of Invertebrate Pests and Weeds in New Zealand 1874-1987. Technical Communication No 10. CAB International Institute of Biological Control. DSIR Entomology Division. 424p.