Target pest: Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), codling moth
Agent introduced: Raphidia sp. (Neuroptera: Raphidiidae)
Cameron et al. (1989) - in April 1890, 21 Raphidia sp. larvae were sent from California; 16 pupae and one larva arrived alive. These were reared, producing a 'few' individuals. A second shipment of Raphidia sp. (only six larvae) was brought to New Zealand in 1891; their fate is unknown.
Cameron et al. (1989) - the 'few' individuals reared from the first importation [see 'Import notes' section] were released sometime in late-1890 or January 1891.
Cameron PJ, Hill RL, Bain J, Thomas WP (1989). A Review of Biological Control of Invertebrate Pests and Weeds in New Zealand 1874-1987. Technical Communication No 10. CAB International Institute of Biological Control. DSIR Entomology Division. 424p.