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Biocontrol introduction

Target pest: Muscina stabulans (Diptera: Muscidae), muscid flies

Agent introduced: Spalangia endius (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae)

Imported: 1969

Import source: CIBC Trinidad

Released: Present in New Zealand prior to release of 1969 importation which was released in 1969 and 1970

Release details: 7,550+ released nationwide in 1969-1970 but predominantly in northern North Island

Establishment: Native species, occurs in northern North Island at Hawke's Bay

Impacts on target: Unknown


Cameron PJ, Hill RL, Bain J, Thomas WP (1989). A Review of Biological Control of Invertebrate Pests and Weeds in New Zealand 1874-1987. Technical Communication No 10. CAB International Institute of Biological Control. DSIR Entomology Division. 424p.