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Biocontrol introduction

Target pest: Panonychus ulmi (Acari: Tetranychidae), European red mite

Agent introduced: Typhlodromus occidentalis (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) = Metaseilus occidentalis, Galendromus occidentalis

Imported: 1976

Import source: Australia (Australian importations were from North America)

Import notes: Imported as T. occidentalis, the correct name is now Galendromus occidentalis.

Released: 1976

Release details: Present in New Zealand prior to an insecticide resistant starin being introduced in 1976. The resistant strain was released in Nelson, Hastings, Waimate, Central Otago and Lincoln.

Establishment: Resistant strain established in Central Otago, Canterbury and Nelson (Hope)

Impacts on target: Limited success, Largely displaced by Phytoseiulus persimilis


Cameron PJ, Hill RL, Bain J, Thomas WP (1989). A Review of Biological Control of Invertebrate Pests and Weeds in New Zealand 1874-1987. Technical Communication No 10. CAB International Institute of Biological Control. DSIR Entomology Division. 424p.