Selecting biological control agents
Experimental confirmation of host range
Indicators of effects
Manipulation and surrogate systems
The ability of control agents to attack non-target species has been estimated by exposing susceptible life stages in the field. Babendreier et al. (2006) review a number of such studies.
Babendreier D., Bigler F. and Kuhlmann U. (2006). Current status and constraints in the assessment of non-target effects. Pp. 1-13 In: Environmental impact of invertebrates for biological control of arthropods – methods and risk assessment, F. , F. Bigler, D. Babendreier and U. Kuhlmann (Ed.) CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK