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Applying for general release or release with controls

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Previous use as a biological control agent, and efficacy in that use

Previous use as a control agent elsewhere in the world will be one of the best predictors of the likely behaviour of a control agent on release in New Zealand. A world catalogue of control agents for weeds and their targets current to 1996 has been published by Julien et al. (1999), and information about all programmes can be accessed from this catalogue. Information about other biological control programmes is more dispersed. A database of projects conducted in New Zealand is under construction for this site. Literature and unpublished material produced in the past 20 years are likely to be accessible via web search engines, but the search results will not be comprehensive. Information from earlier documents will need to accessed via long-term abstracting services such as CAB Abstracts or BIOSIS (see above) or through CAB regional reviews such as Greathead (1971), Kelleher and Hulme (1984) and Cameron et al. (1989), or through primary published sources. Thompson and Simmonds (1964-1965) and Herting and Simmonds (1972) have published catalogues of the parasites and predators of the arthropods of the world.


Cameron P.J., Hill R.L., Bain J. and Thomas W.P. (1989). A review of biological control of invertebrate pests and weeds in New Zealand 1874-1987. CAB International Wallingford, UK and DSIR, New Zealand.

Greathead D.J. (1971). A review of biological control in the Ethiopian region. Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control Technical Communication 5: 1-162.

Herting B. and Simmonds F.J. (1972). A Catalogue of Parasites and Predators of Terrestrial Arthropods. Section A. Host or prey/enemy. Vol. II. Homoptera. CIBC. 210 pp.

Julien, M. and Griffiths M.W. (1999). Biological Control of Weeds. A World Catalogue of Agents and their Target Weeds. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK. 223 p.

Kelleher J.S. and Hulme M.A. (1984). Biological control programmes against insects and weeds in Canada 1969-1980. CAB, Farnham Common, UK. 410 pp.

Thompson W.R. and Simmonds F.J. (1964-1965). A Catalogue of the Parasites and Predators of Insect Pests. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Bucks, United Kingdom.